“Scheduling contractors is a legally gray thing to do — since shifts are one of the IRS’ criteria in determining that a worker is an employee. (Indeed, Postmates, like many companies, is currently facing a lawsuit over classifying the couriers as contractors.)” – Quit Your Job and Go to Work — Matter — Medium

“It’s the age of the precariat: unions are nearly kaput, many will only know pensions from history books, and most “at will” workers can be fired as easily as Uber can kick its drivers off the app. Now many old titans of industry have latched onto this idea of on-call shift work — which many call “just-in-time scheduling,” — a grayish labor abuse tailored for the age of the text message that has lawmakers hustling to curb it.” – Quit Your Job and Go to Work — Matter — Medium

“Prof. Christensen became a pivotal figure in management historyby using innovation to re-empower management. We can see him, in retrospect, as offering a comprehensive antidote to what American capitalists could only regard as the poison of neo-workplace democracy. Some 1980s business blockbusters were telling stockholders and executives to share power with a new, insufferably smart-ass “no-collar” generation of knowledge workers, and that only this concession would turn the tables on the Japanese.” – Christensen’s Disruptive Innovation after the Lepore Critique ~ Remaking the University

“Just as factories allowed deskilled workers to “cooperate” and create value that accrued to the factory owner who brought them together, sharing-economy apps coordinate disparate users and extract value from their being brought together in networks. But unlike the workers who meet on the factory floor, the sharing-app users meet only as commercial adversaries, and build not solidarity but merely a mercantile “trust” that facilitates wary exchange.” – “Sharing” Economy and Self-Exploitation

“By the mid-1970s, the wharves of Brooklyn and Manhattan were, according to Marc Levinson, “mostly a memory,” put out of business by the container port at Elizabeth, New Jersey. In London, vast networks of docks that were handling 60 million tons of freight per year in the early 1960s were, by the early 1980s, a silent, shuttered wasteland.” – A Passage from Hong Kong by Maya Jasanoff